This method helps to prevent that, during editing, you discover that a shot that would make a nice difference is missing. With it you will produce enough material to have several creative options when mounting your film. From the short film to the feature, if you are unsure of how to shoot, follow this plan.
The master shot includes the whole environment surrounding the scene. The camera is positioned where it can catch all the action happening in the scene. It is important to have this shot, because at the time of editing, most of the scenes will use it to begin. This shot gives references for the spectator so he does not get lost during the other shots.
The close-up is a shot involving the actor mid-chest up. In addition to the intimate tone, this shot put the viewer in touch with the intentions and emotions of the character, it is essential as an alternative when editing. You can shoot it by putting some objects in front of the actor, or filming the actor directly. When another actor is on the same close it is called over-the-shoulder. When deciding, find out if, at that moment in the story, there is something that is connected to the character, if any, put it together in the image. Now, if the scene shows the distance between the character and some object or person, put them in separate close-ups.
After following this plan, the editing will run smoothly, since the editor has enough material to mount the film in various ways until finding one that best convey the story. Part of the directors job is to know that some shots that seemed to be very good, will not fit right in the film and must be set aside. Never see your movie with stubbornness, try to put yourself in the place of a spectator and decide what works best to tell the story.
Now that you have the master shot and close-ups of actors who are on the scene, shoot some inserts. It can be the hand of the character while writing a letter, the timer of a bomb ready to explode or the flower on the ground thrown by a lover that got away. In addition to these shots, now is the time to use your creativity and make that shot that you think will be special in the movie, but beware, do not cling to it, because the result may not be as good as you think.
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